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Re-examining critiques of resilience policy: evidence from Barpak after the 2015 earthquake in Nepal.

Authors
  • Rushton, Simon1
  • Balen, Julie2
  • Crane, Olivia3
  • Devkota, Bhimsen4
  • Ghimire, Sudha5
  • 1 Professor in the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 2 Senior Lecturer at the School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 3 Senior Technical Analyst at the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Manchester, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 4 Professor in the Department of Health Education, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. , (Nepal)
  • 5 Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Education, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. , (Nepal)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Disasters
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2022
Volume
46
Issue
3
Pages
768–790
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/disa.12487
PMID: 33939844
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

“恢复性”的概念受到了许多批评。在本文中,我们研究了三种最普遍的批评:i) 恢复性政策是一种自上而下的政策,很少考虑当地的特殊性; ii) 恢复性政策代表着向社会责任化的新自由主义转变,代表国家不再扮演保护性角色; iii) 人们关注恢复性,往往会将注意力从社会、政治和经济等造成脆弱性的潜在因素上转移开。我们分析了从尼泊尔地震后的巴尔帕克、2015年廓尔喀地震震中的村庄、地区总部和加德满都国收集的数据,认为这些批评在这种特定背景下具有联合显著性,但第一点和第三点特别指出了尼泊尔政府及其国际合作伙伴在增强尼泊尔社会恢复性的方式中存在的重要问题。我们认为,虽然在社会层面考虑恢复性有好处,但要认识到社会的不平等问题,要了解社会不同的脆弱程度如何反映了不平等问题,如何在恢复性建设计划中改善这些问题。 关键词: 地震、尼泊尔、复原力、责任感、脆弱性.

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