We study phase entrainment of Kuramoto oscillators under different conditions on the interaction range and the natural frequencies. In the first part the oscillators are entrained by a pacemaker acting like an impurity or a defect. We analytically derive the entrainment frequency for arbitrary interaction range and the entrainment threshold for all-to-all couplings. For intermediate couplings our numerical results show a reentrance of the synchronization transition as a function of the coupling range. The origin of this reentrance can be traced back to the normalization of the coupling strength. In the second part we consider a system of oscillators with an initial gradient in their natural frequencies, extended over a one-dimensional chain or a two-dimensional lattice. Here it is the oscillator with the highest natural frequency that becomes the pacemaker of the ensemble, sending out circular waves in oscillator-phase space. No asymmetric coupling between the oscillators is needed for this dynamical induction of the pacemaker property nor need it be distinguished by a gap in the natural frequency.