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Reducing the familiarity of conjunction lures with pictures.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Publication Date
Volume
39
Issue
5
Pages
1609–1614
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/a0031144
PMID: 23356239
Source
Medline

Abstract

Four experiments were conducted to test whether conjunction errors were reduced after pictorial encoding and whether the semantic overlap between study and conjunction items would impact error rates. Across 4 experiments, compound words studied with a single-picture had lower conjunction error rates during a recognition test than those words studied with 2 pictures. This effect occurred even when participants were asked to respond quickly (Experiment 3) or to respond positively to any word that overlapped with the study phase (Experiment 2), as well as when the number of pictures shown at study was manipulated within-participants (Experiment 4). The effect of semantic overlap was ambiguous, with only Experiment 2 showing a difference between high and low overlap items. Overall, these results are inconsistent with a metacognitive interpretation of the role of pictures in reducing memory errors and are more consistent with impoverished familiarity after single-picture encoding.

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