A substantial amount of sulfate is often supplied in paddy fields with concomitant applications of chemical fertilizers and manure for rice growth. It is unclear how solubility and speciation of arsenic (As) are affected by the levels of soil sulfate and their relationship to soil redox status and sulfur (S) and iron (Fe) speciation in a short cycle of soil reducing (flooding) and oxidizing (drying) periods. The objective of this study was to investigate the solubility of As in relation to chemical speciation of As and S in different levels of soil sulfate through a time series of measurements during a 40-day reduction period (Eh < -130 mV) followed by a 32-day reoxidation period (Eh > 400 mV) using X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. An excess of sulfate decreased extractable and dissolved As in the soil reducing period due to retardation of soil reduction process that decreased soluble As(III) in the soil solid phase. The As species at the end of soil reducing period were 38-41% As(V), 46-51% As(III), and 11-13% As2S3-like species, regardless of initial S treatments. In the following soil reoxidation, As2S3-like species were sensitive to oxidation and disappeared completely in the first 2 days when the Eh value increased rapidly above 160 mV. The addition of extra sulfate to the soil did not result in the formation of neither reduced S species nor As2S3-like species. About 50% of As(III) to the total As persisted over 32 days of soil reoxidation period (Eh > 400 mV), suggesting some mechanisms against oxidation of As(III) such as physical sequestration in soil microsites. This study demonstrates that the extra SO4 in paddy soils can help mitigate the dissolution of As in reduction and reoxidation periods. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.