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RECYCLING OF POLYMER WASTE IN THE CONTEXT OF DEVELOPING CIRCULAR ECONOMY

Authors
  • GUBANOVA, Elena1
  • KUPINETS, Larisa2
  • DEFORZH, Hanna3
  • KOVAL, Viktor4
  • GASKA, Krzysztof5
  • 1 Odessa State Environmental University, Lvivska st. 15, 65016 Odessa , (Ukraine)
  • 2 Institute of Market Problems and Economic and Ecological Research of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 29 Frantsuzkiy Blvd., 65044 Odessa , (Ukraine)
  • 3 DSc;Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central Ukrainian State Pedagogical University, Shevchenko, 1, 25000 Kropivnitsky , (Ukraine)
  • 4 Odessa Institute of Trade and Economics of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Inglezi 6, 65070 Odessa , (Ukraine)
  • 5 Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 18, 44–100 Gliwice , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment
Publisher
Exeley Inc.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
12
Issue
4
Pages
99–108
Identifiers
DOI: 10.21307/ACEE-2019-055
Source
Exeley
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The paper deals with the problem of recycling and a review of the problem field of handling polymeric materials is carried out, on the basis of which commonality for the European space of their disposal and recycling problems is shown. Ways of solving them are identified and the leading dynamics of European approaches to waste management compared to national ones are revealed. It is shown that the tempos of formation of polymeric wastes practically coincide with the tempos of their processing, which indicates an increase in the technogenic load on the environment as a result of the continued influx of polymeric materials into it. The structure and species priorities of polymeric wastes and damage to the most vulnerable sectors of the economy and ecosystems are identified, and the dangerous impact of their destruction on the environment is estimated. Comparison of the main methods of disposal of polymeric wastes used in the world made it possible to evaluate approaches to solving the problem of cyclical handling of polymeric materials wastes, the results of which would be a socioeconomic and ecological effect, reducing the impact of the consequences of the destruction of polymer fractions of landfills on environmental quality, as well as significant saving non-renewable fossil raw materials. The expected performance is expressed quantitatively by calculating the integral indicator of the efficiency of polymer waste processing, taking into account the ratio of the sum of recycling effects, expressed in terms of value, to the capital and current costs of the project.

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