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Reconstitution of maltose transport in malB mutants of Escherichia coli through calcium-induced disruptions of the outer membrane.

Authors
  • Brass, J M
  • Boos, W
  • Hengge, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of bacteriology
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1981
Volume
146
Issue
1
Pages
10–17
Identifiers
PMID: 7012112
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The barrier function of the Escherichia coli outer membrane against low concentrations of maltose in strains missing the lambda receptor was partially overcome by treating the cells for 3 h with 25 mM Ca2+. Kinetic analysis of maltose-transport revealed a Ca2+-induced shift of the apparent Km of the system from about 100 microM in cells pretreated with Tris to about 15 microM in cells pretreated with Tris plus Ca2+. In contrast to maltose transport in untreated cells, that of Ca2+-treated lamB cells was inhibited by molecules with a high molecular weight, such as amylopectin (molecular weight, 20,000), and anti-maltose-binding protein antibodies. In addition, lysozyme was shown to attack Ca2+-treated cells in contrast to untreated cells. The Ca2+-induced permeability increase of the outer membrane allowed reconstitution of maltose transport in a mutant missing the maltose-binding protein with osmotic shock fluid containing the maltose-binding protein. Even though Ca2+-treatment allowed the entry of large molecules, the release of the periplasmic maltose-binding protein or alkaline phosphatase was negligible.

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