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The recombination-deficient mutant RPA (rfa1-t11) is displaced slowly from single-stranded DNA by Rad51 protein.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume
278
Issue
26
Source
Kowalczykowski Lab
License
Unknown

Abstract

Replication protein-A (RPA) is involved in many processes of DNA metabolism, including DNA replication, repair, and recombination. Cells carrying a mutation in the largest subunit of RPA (rfa1-t11: K45E) have defects in meiotic recombination, mating-type switching, and survival after DNA damage caused by UV and methyl methanesulfonate, as well as increased genome instability; however, this mutant has no significant defect in DNA replication. We purified the RPA heterotrimer containing the rfa1-t11 substitution (RPA(rfa1-t11)). This mutant RPA binds single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) with the same site size, and the RPA(rfa1-t11).ssDNA complex shows a similar sensitivity to disruption by salt as the wild-type RPA.ssDNA complex. RPA(rfa1-t11) stimulates DNA strand exchange, provided that the Rad51 protein.ssDNA nucleoprotein complex is assembled prior to introduction of the mutant RPA. However, RPA(rfa1-t11) is displaced from ssDNA by Rad51 protein more slowly than wild-type RPA and, as a consequence, Rad51 protein-mediated DNA strand exchange is inhibited when the ssDNA is in a complex with RPA(rfa1-t11). Rad52 protein can stimulate displacement of RPA(rfa1-t11) from ssDNA by Rad51 protein, but the rate of displacement remains slow compared with wild-type RPA. These in vitro results suggest that, in vivo, RPA is bound to ssDNA prior to Rad51 protein and that RPA displacement by Rad51 protein is a critical step in homologous recombination, which is impaired in the rfa1-t11 mutation.

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