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Recombinant T7 Phage with FMDV AKT-III Strain VP1 Protein is a Potential FMDV Vaccine.

Authors
  • Wu, Peng1
  • Yin, Xinyue1
  • Liu, Qingqing1
  • Wu, Wenxing1
  • Chen, Chuangfu2
  • 1 College of Animal Science and Technology, Shihezi University, Shihezi, 832003, China. , (China)
  • 2 College of Animal Science and Technology, Shihezi University, Shihezi, 832003, China. [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biotechnology Letters
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Sep 29, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10529-020-03012-x
PMID: 32989662
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The capsid protein (VP1) of the foot-and-mouth (FMD) AKT-III strain was expressed on the surface of the T7 phage capsid (AKT-T7 strain) and the potential of AKT-T7 strain as an FMD vaccine was evaluated. The AKT-T7 strain was successfully constructed and was not cytotoxic to BHK-21, MDBK, or sheep kidney cells. The AKT-T7 strain was well phagocytosed by mouse macrophages. Immunization of BALB/c mice revealed that animals were quickly induced and produced high levels of FMDV antibodies. Monitoring data indicated that FMDV antibody levels could be maintained at higher levels for longer periods of time. The AKT-T7 strain induced high levels of IFN-γ levels in mice with little effect on IL-4. The AKT-T7 induced the mice to produce FMDV antibodies, which has the advantage of phage and FMDV, and is a potential candidate for an FMD vaccine.

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