The objective of this research was to determine the binding capacity and kinetics, and total incorporation of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in microspheres made from hydrophilic and hydrophobic poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). Polymers were characterized by molecular weight, polydispersity, and acid number. Microspheres were produced via a water-in-oil-in-water double emulsion system and characterized for bulk density, size, specific surface area, and porosity. Protein concentrations were determined by reversed phase HPLC. Protein was loaded by soaking microspheres in a buffered solution, pH 4.5, of rhBMP-2, decanting excess liquid, and vacuum drying the wetted particles. Total loading and binding were determined by comparing protein concentration remaining to non-microsphere containing samples. Polymer acid number was the dominant polymer feature affecting the binding. Higher acid values correlated with increased rhBMP-2 binding. The amount of non-bound incorporated rhBMP-2 linearly correlated with the concentration of protein used in binding. High rhBMP-2 concentrations inhibit binding to PLGA microspheres. Binding was also inhibited by increased lactide content in the PLGA polymer. The polymer characteristics controlling rhBMP-2 binding to PLGA microspheres are acid value foremost followed by molecular weight and lactide/glycolide ratio. The total amount of rhBMP-2 incorporated depends on the bound amount and on the amount of free protein present.