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Reciprocal expression of NF-IL6 and C/EBP in hepatocytes: possible involvement of NF-IL6 in acute phase protein gene expression.

Authors
  • Isshiki, H
  • Akira, S
  • Sugita, T
  • Nishio, Y
  • Hashimoto, S
  • Pawlowski, T
  • Suematsu, S
  • Kishimoto, T
Type
Published Article
Journal
The New biologist
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1991
Volume
3
Issue
1
Pages
63–70
Identifiers
PMID: 1710143
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The initial phase of inflammation is accompanied by dramatic changes in the concentrations of certain plasma proteins. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important inducer of these acute phase proteins at the transcriptional level. The recently cloned nuclear factor NF-IL6, a potent trans-acting regulator of IL-6 gene expression, has a region that is highly homologous to the liver-specific transcriptional factor C/EBP. Both factors recognize the same nucleotide sequence. In this study the recombinant NF-IL6 was shown to interact with the IL-6-responsive elements (IL-6REs) identified in the promoter region of several acute phase protein genes whose activity increases during the acute phase reaction. Furthermore, in competition experiments, formation of all the DNA-protein complexes by the IL-6RE and IL-6-treated hepatoma cell extracts was specifically decreased by adding either the 14-bp NF-IL6 binding motif identified in the IL-6 promoter or the antibody against the recombinant NF-IL6. NF-IL6 was expressed at a minor level in mouse liver, but was dramatically induced after stimulation with IL-6. In contrast, the amount of C/EBP mRNA decreased considerably after IL-6 stimulation. These results indicate that the NF-IL6 that regulated IL-6 expression was also involved in regulation of expression of the acute phase protein genes. The ability of NF-IL6 to replace C/EBP may explain the positive and negative acute phase responses induced by IL-6.

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