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Reciprocal action of interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 promotes granulomatous inflammation induced by Rhodococcus aurantiacus in mice.

Authors
  • M Asano
  • M Kohanawa
  • T Minagawa
  • A Nakane
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1996
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
License
Unknown

Abstract

An intravenous injection of Rhodococcus aurantiacus to mice causes granulomatous inflammation dependent on endogenous interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). The present study examined the role of endogenous interleukin-4 (IL-4) on granulomatous inflammation. Endogenous IL-4 in the spleen extracts was not detected during the phase of granuloma formation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, IL-4 protein level was elevated during the phase of granuloma regression. IL-4 mRNA expression in the livers and spleens was also elevated during the phase of granuloma regression. In addition, IL-4 levels during the phase of granuloma formation were increased by treatment with anti-IFN-gamma monoclonal antibody (mAb), suggesting that endogenous IFN-gamma might inhibit IL-4 production during the phase of granuloma formation. Administration of anti-IL-4 mAb on weeks 3 and 4 after the inoculation inhibited the regression of granulomas and augumented IFN-gamma level at 5 weeks. Endogenous IFN-gamma was produced by CD4+ T cells during the phase of granuloma regression and endogenous IL-4 was produced by both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. These findings suggest that during the phase of granuloma formation endogenous IL-4 might be inhibited by IFN-gamma, while during the phase of granuloma regression endogenous IL-4 might play a crucial role in the reduction of granulomas and IFN-gamma production.

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