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Receptor-mediated increase in cytosolic calcium in LLC-PK1 cells by platelet activating factor and thromboxane A2.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Kidney international
Publication Date
Volume
40
Issue
6
Pages
1075–1081
Identifiers
PMID: 1662319
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Several studies indicate an important role of platelet activating factor (PAF) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in glomerular pathophysiology. However, the potential role of PAF or TXA2 in renal tubular pathophysiology has received little attention, and the presence of functional receptors for these autacoids in renal tubular epithelium has not been previously studied. We examined the effects of PAF and the TXA2 analogue, ONO11113, on the cytosolic free calcium concentration [( Ca2+]i) in cultured LLC-PK1 cell line using a fluorescent probe, fura-2. In these cells, the addition of PAF or ONO11113 caused a significant increment in [Ca2+]i in a dose-dependent manner: both agonists (10(-7) M) increased [Ca2+]i from 148 +/- 16 to 288 +/- 39 nM and from 130 +/- 8 to 240 +/- 18 nM, with the values of EC50 for PAF and ONO11113 being 17 +/- 4 and 17 +/- 2 nM, respectively. These effects were both rapid and transient, returning to baseline in two minutes. The effect of PAF was selectively blocked by PAF receptor antagonist BN50730, but not by TXA2 receptor antagonist L657925. Similarly ONO11113 response was abolished by L657925, but not by BN50730. PAF- or ONO11113-challenged cells did not respond to a second addition of the same agent and showed heterologous desensitization to the other agonist. The initial peaks of [Ca2+]i as well as the sustained elevations in [Ca2+]i induced by PAF or ONO11113 were reduced following the chelation of extracellular Ca2+ by 10 mM ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminomethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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