Modern anomaloscopes with four independent light channels (i.e., the Besançon Anomalometer which was presented in 1980 at the DOG) allow accurate examinations of color vision. In our routine clinical examination, we use two metameric equations: the red-green Rayleigh equation and the blue-green Moreland equation. This two-equation method permits the diagnosis of congenital and acquired color vision defects in a precise quantitative way. In both equations the goal of the examination is to measure the absolute matching range. The diagnosis is abnormal color vision if the absolute matching range is shifted and/or enlarged in one or both of the two metameric equations. A computer-controlled clinical examination of color vision, which will make the procedure simpler and shorter for the patient, is presently being developed.