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Recent Advances in the Application of Metabolomics for Nutrition and Health

Authors
  • González-Peña, Diana
  • Brennan, Lorraine
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
Publisher
Annual Reviews
Publication Date
Mar 25, 2019
Volume
10
Pages
479–519
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-food-032818-121715
Source
Annual Reviews
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Metabolomics is the study of small molecules called metabolites in biological samples. Application of metabolomics to nutrition research has expanded in recent years, with emerging literature supporting multiple applications. Key examples include applications of metabolomics in the identification and development of objective biomarkers of dietary intake, in developing personalized nutrition strategies, and in large-scale epidemiology studies to understand the link between diet and health. In this review, we provide an overview of the current applications and identify key challenges that need to be addressed for the further development of the field. Successful development of metabolomics for nutrition research has the potential to improve dietary assessment, help deliver personalized nutrition, and enhance our understanding of the link between diet and health.

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