The rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IgH) and T cell receptor gamma gene (TcR gamma) was studied in 30 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). 19 cases was found to have rearrangement of IgH gene, 12 of TcR gamma. Most of IgH rearrangement was characterized by one or two specific bands while some had more than two. Rearrangement of TcR gamma gene appeared as one specific band. A slight difference in number, size and lightness of bands was found among the patients. 4 different kinds of rearrangement were observed in the detection of IgH rearrangement in combination with TcR gamma gene. The rearranged patterns of IgH and TcR gamma gene as well as the clinical significance were discussed.