The study by Shah et al published in this issue of the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology validates the IDx autonomous diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening program in a real-world setting. The study found high sensitivity (100%) but low specificity (82%) for referable DR. The resulting positive predictive value of 19% means that four out of five patients without referable DR would be referred to ophthalmology causing a significant burden to ophthalmologists, primary care clinics, and patients. Artificial intelligence programs that provide better specificity, multiple levels of DR, and annotations of where lesions are located in the retina may function better than a simple referral/no referral output. This will allow for better engagement of patients through the difficult process of adhering to treatment recommendations and control their diabetes.