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Real-world effectiveness of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir in 573 direct-acting antiviral experienced hepatitis C patients.

Authors
  • Belperio, Pamela S1
  • Shahoumian, Troy A1
  • Loomis, Timothy P1
  • Backus, Lisa I1
  • 1 Department of Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Apr 22, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/jvh.13115
PMID: 31012179
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX) provides a needed hepatitis C virus (HCV) antiviral option for direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-experienced patients. We evaluated the effectiveness of SOF/VEL/VOX for 12 weeks in DAA-experienced patients with genotype 1-4 treated in clinical practice. In this observational cohort analysis from the Veterans Affairs' Clinical Case Registry, 573 DAA-experienced patients initiating SOF/VEL/VOX were included: 490 genotype 1, 20 genotype 2, 51 genotype 3 and 12 genotype 4. Rates of cirrhosis were 32.7%, 30.0%, 49.0% and 58.3%; rates of prior NS5A-experience were 100.0%, 95.0%, 90.2% and 100.0% for genotypes 1-4, respectively. Overall SVR rates were 90.7% (429/473), 90.0% (18/20), 91.3% (42/46) and 100.0% (12/12) for genotypes 1-4, respectively, and were 91.3% (274/300), 88.9% (16/18), 90.2% (37/41) and 100.0% (11/11) for those with prior NS5A + NS5B experience. For genotype 1, SVR rates were similar in patients with prior regimens of ledipasvir/SOF (90.6%, 298/329), elbasvir/grazoprevir (91.2%, 73/80) and ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir/dasabuvir (90.9%, 70/77). SVR rates in genotype 1, 2 and 3 patients with prior SOF/VEL experience were 78.9% (15/19), 86.7% (13/15) and 84.6% (11/13). In genotype 1-4 patients completing 12 weeks of SOF/VEL/VOX, overall SVR rates were 95.1% (409/430), 89.5% (17/19), 93.3% (42/45) and 100% (12/12). In this diverse real-world cohort of heavily NS5A pretreated patients, SOF/VEL/VOX SVR rates in DAA-experienced patients were high across all genotypes. Genotype 1 patients who had prior experience with the most commonly prescribed NS5A regimens achieved similarly high SVR rates when retreated with SOF/VEL/VOX. For genotypes 1, 2 and 3, patients with prior SOF/VEL experience had lower SVR rates. Published 2019. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

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