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In the Real World: Infections Associated with Biologic and Small Molecule Therapies in Psoriatic Arthritis and Psoriasis

Authors
  • Siegel, Sarah A. R.1
  • Winthrop, Kevin L.1, 2
  • 1 Oregon Health & Science University, School of Public Health, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, GH 104, Portland, OR, 97239, USA , Portland (United States)
  • 2 Oregon Health & Science University, Division of Infectious Diseases, Portland, OR, USA , Portland (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Rheumatology Reports
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jun 06, 2019
Volume
21
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11926-019-0832-y
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Purpose of ReviewTo summarize our most current understanding of the real world risk of infections associated with biologic and small molecule therapies in the setting of psoriatic disease.Recent FindingsPatients with psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis are at increased risk for infection from both their disease and some of their therapies. There is little real world data for biologic and small molecule therapies; however, ustekinumab and biologics inhibiting IL-17 or IL-23 appear to have reduced risk estimates compared to anti-TNF therapies. Apremilast seems to have little infectious signal with limited real world data, and for JAK inhibitors, limited real world data suggest a higher risk of herpes zoster.SummaryRecently approved targeted and small molecule therapies for psoriasis carry infectious risks for patients, although they appear to vary across mechanism of action. As these treatments become more widespread, and additional therapies are approved, it will be imperative to evaluate their safety in the context of real world data.

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