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Real-time dynamics in spin-1/2 chains with adaptive time-dependent density matrix renormalization group.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
Publication Date
Volume
71
Issue
3 Pt 2A
Pages
36102–36102
Identifiers
PMID: 15903488
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We investigate the influence of different interaction strengths and dimerizations on the magnetization transport in antiferromagnetic spin 1/2 XXZ chains. We focus on the real-time evolution of the inhomogeneous initial state |upward arrow... upward arrow downward arrow... downward arrow > in using the adaptive time-dependent density-matrix renormalization group (adaptive t-DMRG). Time scales accessible to us are of the order of 100 units of time measured in Planck's/J for almost negligible error in the observables. We find ballistic magnetization transport for small S(z) S(z) interaction and arbitrary dimerization, but almost no transport for stronger S(z) S(z) interaction, with a sharp crossover at J(z) =1 . Additionally, we perform a detailed analysis of the error made by the adaptive time-dependent DMRG using the fact that the evolution in the XX model is known exactly. We find that the error at small times is dominated by the error made by the Trotter decomposition, whereas for longer times the DMRG truncation error becomes the most important, with a very sharp crossover at some "runaway" time. Overall, errors are extremely small before the "runaway" time.

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