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"Not a Real Family": Microaggressions Directed toward LGBTQ Families.

Authors
  • Haines, Kari M1
  • Boyer, C Reyn1
  • Giovanazzi, Casey1
  • Galupo, M Paz1
  • 1 a Department of Psychology , Towson University , Towson , Maryland , USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of homosexuality
Publication Date
Nov 16, 2017
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2017.1406217
PMID: 29144852
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The present study investigates microaggressions toward individuals in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) families. Microaggressions are subtle forms of discrimination experienced on a daily basis as verbal or behavioral slights against individuals in oppressed groups. LGBTQ microaggressions are often studied at an individual level and understood as being directed toward an individual based on perceived identity. The present study allows for an understanding of bias directed at the family system level. Participants included 46 adults who identified as being part of an LGBTQ family. Participants completed an online questionnaire and described their experiences of LGBTQ family microaggressions. Thematic analysis revealed that LGBTQ family microaggressions were salient to individuals across multiple family roles. Three specific themes emerged: family legitimacy, conflicts with family values, and gender violation within family. These findings highlight the way LGBTQ microaggressions are influenced by cultural notions of family and impact the family system.

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