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Reactive oxygen species are critical for the growth and differentiation of medullary thyroid carcinoma cells.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Publication Date
Volume
6
Issue
9
Pages
3783–3787
Identifiers
PMID: 10999773
Source
Medline

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species have recently been demonstrated to play a role in numerous cellular signal transduction pathways. Here we investigate the involvement of H2O2 in Raf-1-mediated differentiation in the human medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) cell line TT:deltaRaf-1:ER. Catalase, but not Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, completely inhibited Raf-1-induced differentiation of beta-estradiol-treated TT: deltaRaf-1:ER. In addition, catalase treatment down-regulated RET expression at both the mRNA and protein levels and induced apoptosis in the parental TT cell line and uninduced TT:deltaRaf-1:ER human MTC cells. These results implicate H2O2 as a downstream mediator of c-Raf-1-induced differentiation and as a survival factor in MTC cells.

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