Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

REACH Specific Environmental Release Categories for Plant Protection Product Applications.

Authors
  • Dobe, Christopher1
  • Bonifay, Sébastien2
  • Krass, Joachim D3
  • McMillan, Claire4
  • Terry, Adrian4
  • Wormuth, Matthias1
  • 1 Syngenta Crop Protection AG, Basel, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 2 Corteva Agriscience, Production Agriscience Belgium BVBA, Brussels, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 3 BASF SE, Ludwigshafen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 4 Cambridge Environmental Assessments, Cambridge, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2020
Volume
16
Issue
4
Pages
472–480
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/ieam.4251
PMID: 32064739
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The European Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation requires that quantitative environmental risk assessment is carried out for hazardous substances used as coformulants in plant protection products (PPPs), if registered above 10 t/y. The European Crop Protection Association (ECPA) has developed generic exposure scenarios and specific environmental release categories (SpERCs) to support these risk assessments. The SpERCs offer refinements to the default release factors defined in environmental release categories (ERCs) and are intended to be used with nested multimedia mass balance models as part of the assessment of regional predicted environmental concentrations. Based on the application method of PPPs, 2 scenarios were defined for which SpERCs were developed: 1) spraying of PPPs and 2) direct application of granular products or treated seeds to soil. The SpERC for spray applications includes release factors to air and soil that depend on the vapor pressure of the coformulant. Calculations are presented to support the subSpERCs describing the transition from nonvolatile to volatile behavior. The most recent version of the spray application SpERC defines a release factor for surface water and more conservative release factors to soil compared with previous versions. Use of the ECPA SpERCs allows the coformulant emissions from PPPs to be fully accounted for in the regional-scale environmental risk assessment for a given substance, along with all other sources of emissions. Qualitative and quantitative justification for the ECPA-derived SpERCs is presented and serves as the background documentation to the online European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) SpERC factsheets. The approach developed here whereby regional-scale SpERCs are used in combination with a customized local-scale exposure model is potentially applicable for other sectors that are required to conduct exposure assessments outside the scope of the standard environmental REACH models. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2020;16:472-480. © 2020 Syngenta Crop Protection AG. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC). © 2020 Syngenta Crop Protection AG. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC).

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times