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Rational design of Nanobody80 loop peptidomimetics : towards biased β2 adrenergic receptor ligands

  • Martin, Charlotte
  • Moors, Samuel
  • Danielsen, Mia
  • Betti, Cecilia
  • Fabris, Cecilia
  • Sejer Pedersen, Daniel
  • Pardon, Els
  • Peyressatre, Marion
  • Fehér, Krisztina
  • Martins, José
  • Mosolff Mathiesen, Jesper
  • Morris, May
  • Devoogdt, Nick
  • Caveliers, Vicky
  • De Proft, Frank
  • Steyaert, Jan
  • Ballet, Steven
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2017
Ghent University Institutional Archive
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G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play an important role in many cellular responses; as such, their mechanism of action is of utmost interest. To gain insight into the active conformation of GPCRs, the X-ray crystal structures of nanobody (Nb)-stabilized beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR) have been reported. Nb80, in particular, is able to bind the intracellular G protein binding site of beta(2)AR and stabilize the receptor in an active conformation. Within Nb80, the complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) is responsible for most of the binding interactions. Hence, we hypothesized that peptidomimetics of the CDR3 loop might be sufficient for binding to the receptor, inhibiting the interaction of beta(2)AR with intracellular GPCR interacting proteins (e. g., G proteins). Based on previous crystallographic data, a set of peptidomimetics were synthesized that, similar to the Nb80 CDR3 loop, adopt a beta-hairpin conformation. Syntheses, conformational analysis, binding and functional in vitro assays, as well as internalization experiments, were performed. We demonstrate that peptidomimetics can structurally mimic the CDR3 loop of a nanobody and its function by inhibiting G protein coupling as measured by partial inhibition of cAMP production.

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