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A rare cause of vertebral osteomyelitis: the first case report of rat-bite fever in Portugal

Authors
  • Pena, Eduarda
  • Jordão, Sofia
  • Simões, Maria João
  • Oleastro, Mónica
  • Neves, Isabel
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Source
Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Abstract Rat-bite fever is a rarely diagnosed illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis . Although this disease is distributed worldwide, there have been few cases reported in Europe. Here, we report a case of vertebral osteomyelitis and sternoclavicular septic arthritis caused by S. moniliformis in a Portuguese patient previously bitten by a rat. Laboratory diagnosis was performed using molecular identification. This is the first case report of rat-bite fever in Portugal. The case described here serves as a reminder for physicians to consider this diagnosis in patients who have developed fever syndromes after being in contact with rodents.

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