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Rapid in vitro assessment of the virulence of Newcastle disease virus isolates using the ligase chain reaction.

Authors
  • Collins, M S
  • Govey, S J
  • Alexander, D J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of virology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2003
Volume
148
Issue
9
Pages
1851–1862
Identifiers
PMID: 14505095
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The ligase chain reaction was used to assess the virulence of isolates of Newcastle disease virus. In the main study, 18/18 virulent isolates whose nucleotide sequences that code for the cleavage site and fusor peptide regions were known, successfully ligated oligonucleotides in a primer mix for virulent viruses termed VPM. Five of these isolates yielded a more intense ligated product with a second primer mix for virulent viruses called VPM1. No ligation was evident with eight avirulent isolates in tests with VPM or VPM1, however, each of these viruses did yield a strong ligated product with the primer mix for avirulent viruses (AVPM) as did one virulent isolate considered to be a mixture. Two virulent Australian isolates, 1238/1998 and 1248/1998, showed low but seemingly specific ligation with AVPM. In a blind study, 8/9 virulent isolates whose sequences were unknown ligated primers in VPM. Three avirulent and one virulent isolate, the latter again probably a mixture, ligated primers in AVPM. Ligation of oligonucleotides in VPM and AVPM was detectable in mixtures where virulent and avirulent isolates represented 0.1% and 0.01% by volume respectively of the viral population. The results indicate that LCR offers a potential in vitro alternative to current in vivo tests for virulence determination of Newcastle disease virus isolates.

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