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A First-Principles Study of Mechanical and Electronic Properties of Cr0.5-xAl0.5TMxN Hard Coatings (TM = Ti, V, Y, Zr, Hf, and Ta).

Authors
  • Dai, Weike1
  • Zou, You2
  • Wang, Jiong1
  • Su, Yue1
  • Zhang, Donglan1
  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China. , (China)
  • 2 Information and Network Center, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Materials
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Feb 26, 2024
Volume
17
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ma17051070
PMID: 38473542
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The structural, mechanical, and electronic properties of cubic Cr0.5-xAl0.5TMxN, doped with TM (transition metal) elements (TM = Ti, V, Y, Zr, Hf, and Ta) at low concentrations (x = 0.03 and 0.06), was investigated by first-principles calculations. The results of the structural properties calculations reveal that the addition of Ti, Y, Hf, Zr, and Ta expand the volume, while V has the opposite effect. All doped compounds are thermodynamically stable, and Cr0.5-xAl0.5TMxN with TM = Ti is energetically more favorable than other doped compounds. At the same doping concentration, Cr0.5-xAl0.5VxN possesses the highest stiffness, hardness, and resistance to external forces due to its greatest mechanical properties, and Cr0.5-xAl0.5TaxN possesses the highest elastic anisotropy and the lowest Young's modulus. Substituting Cr atoms with TM atoms in a stepwise manner results in a decrease in the bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young's modulus, and theoretical hardness of Cr0.5-xAl0.5TMxN, while increasing its toughness. Based on the calculation results of the total and partial density of states of Cr0.5Al0.5N and Cr0.47Al0.5TM0.03N, all compounds exhibit metallic behavior as indicated by the finite density of states at the Fermi level. The contribution of Ti-3d, V-3d, and Ta-3d orbitals at Fermi level is significantly higher than that of other TM atoms, resulting in a more pronounced metallic character for Cr0.47Al0.5Ti0.03N, Cr0.47Al0.5V0.03N, and Cr0.47Al0.5Ta0.03N.

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