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Rapid detection and prevalence of cholesteryl ester transfer protein deficiency caused by an intron 14 splicing defect in hyperalphalipoproteinemia.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human genetics
Publication Date
Volume
91
Issue
1
Pages
13–16
Identifiers
PMID: 8454281
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A deficiency of plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is one of the genetic causes of increased serum high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels (hyperalphalipoproteinemia). A splicing defect (G-->A mutation) at the +1 position of intron 14 of the human CETP gene is a common mutation in the Japanese CETP deficiency. A rapid screening method for the splicing defect by means of primer-specified restriction map modification was described. The frequency of the mutation in hyperalphalipoproteinemia was determined, and its frequency in the general population was estimated. During polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with a modified primer, a novel NdeI restriction endonuclease site was created from the mutated allele in the PCR products, which could be visualized after electrophoresis of the digested products. As a result, 21 of 121 unrelated hyperalphalipoproteinemic subjects with HDL-cholesterol > or = 60 mg/dl (1.55 mmol/l), were found to have the G-->A mutation. Of the 21 individuals, 8 were found to be homozygous for the mutation. Allele frequency of the mutation was 1.5% (1/68), 2.8% (2/72), 7.1% (4/56), and 47.8% (22/46) in the groups with HDL-cholesterol levels of 60-79 mg/dl, 80-99 mg/dl, 100-119 mg/dl, and > or = 120 mg/dl, respectively. Based on the percentage of the area under the computed normal distribution curve of serum HDL-cholesterol, the frequency of the mutated allele in the general population was estimated to be 0.81% from the present results. This rapid detection method facilitates large-scale screening of CETP deficiency caused by the splicing defect. The mutation was frequent in Japanese subjects with hyperalphalipoproteinemia, especially in the group with HDL-cholesterol > or = 120 mg/dl.

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