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Rapid degradation of dichloroacetonitrile by hydrated electron (eaq-) produced in vacuum ultraviolet photolysis.

Authors
  • Wu, Zihao1
  • Shang, Chii2
  • Wang, Ding3
  • Zheng, Shanshan1
  • Wang, Yuge1
  • Fang, Jingyun4
  • 1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Remediation Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China. , (China)
  • 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. , (China)
  • 3 Calgary, Alberta T3L 2V2, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 4 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Remediation Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemosphere
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
256
Pages
126994–126994
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126994
PMID: 32445996
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dichloroacetonitrile (DCAN) is one of the most toxic and common nitrogenous disinfection by-products in water treatment. It is necessary to understand how this compound can be removed. In this study, the effectiveness of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) at 185 nm was evaluated to destroy DCAN. When water is exposed to VUV, hydroxyl radicals (HO•), hydrogen atoms (H•), and hydrated electrons (eaq-) are generated. The individual contributions of these reactive species to DCAN degradation were distinguished using multiple scavengers. The results showed that eaq- was the most important species for DCAN degradation. The second-order rate constant for eaq- reacting with DCAN was calculated to be 3.16 × 1010 M-1s-1 using a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) method adopted from previous study, and determined to be 3.76 (±0.02) × 1010 M-1s-1 by competition kinetics. Although dissolved oxygen (DO) at 8 mg/L consumed 86% eaq-, the rest of eaq- still led to 93% removal of DCAN within 20 min. Chloride was the major inorganic product of DCAN degradation, while nitrate and nitrite were minor products. Quantum chemical calculation and mass balance calculation under an oxygen free condition further suggested that cleavage of C-Cl bonds was the major pathway by eaq- attack. This study demonstrated the significant role of eaq- in micropollutant destruction during VUV treatment. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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