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Rapid Ca2+-dependent decrease of protein ubiquitination at synapses

Authors
  • Hong Chen
  • Simona Polo
  • Pier Paolo Di Fiore
  • Pietro V. De Camilli
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2003
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine
License
Unknown

Abstract

Protein ubiquitination has been implicated in the regulation of axonal growth and synaptic plasticity as well as in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Here we show that depolarization-dependent Ca2+ influx into synaptosomes produces a global, rapid (range of seconds), and reversible decrease of the ubiquitinated state of proteins, which correlates with the Ca2+-dependent dephosphorylation of several synaptic proteins. A similar general decrease in protein ubiquitination was observed in nonneuronal cells on Ca2+ entry induced by ionomycin. Both in synaptosomes and in nonneuronal cells, this decrease was blocked by FK506 (a calcineurin antagonist). Proteins whose ubiquitinated state was decreased include epsin 1, a substrate for the deubiquitinating enzyme fat facets/FAM, which we show here to be concentrated at synapses. These results reveal a fast regulated turnover of protein ubiquitination. In nerve terminals, protein ubiquitination may play a role both in the regulation of synaptic function, including vesicle traffic, and in the coordination of protein turnover with synaptic use.

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