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Rapamycin inhibits lung metastasis of B16 melanoma cells through down-regulating alphav integrin expression and up-regulating apoptosis signaling.

Authors
  • Yang, Zhuoshun
  • Lei, Zhang
  • Li, Bo
  • Zhou, Yu
  • Zhang, Gui-Mei
  • Feng, Zuo-Hua
  • Zhang, Biao
  • Shen, Guan-Xin
  • Huang, Bo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer science
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2010
Volume
101
Issue
2
Pages
494–500
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2009.01412.x
PMID: 19922502
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Currently available data indicate the potential application of rapamycin and its analogues in the clinic as anticancer therapeutic agents through inhibiting tumor cell growth and tumor angiogenesis. However, whether rapamycin can directly suppress tumor metastasis remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that rapamycin treatment results in reduced formation of metastatic nodules in the lung by B16 cells. This is due to two mechanisms. First, the expression of alphav integrin is down-regulated by rapamycin treatment, and subsequently, the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is reduced. Second, rapamycin promotes apoptosis by up-regulating the proapoptotic molecules Bid and Bax and down-regulating Bcl-xL. Blocking the apoptosis pathway by pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD partially reversed the suppression of rapamycin in B16 metastasis. Interestingly, rapamycin up-regulates Bax and Bid in B16 cells via the S6K1 pathway and down-regulates the expression of alphav integrin via other pathway(s). In addition, our data showed that autophagy was not involved in the mechanisms of rapamycin-mediated metastasis suppression. Our findings demonstrate a potential anti-metastatic effect of rapamycin via down-regulating alphav integrin expression and up-regulating apoptosis signaling, suggesting that rapamycin might be worthy of clinical evaluation as an antimetastatic agent.

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