Randomized Trial Comparing Instructor-Delivered Feedback with Self-Assessment Using Video during Basic Skills Training.
- Published Article
- Journal of veterinary medical education
- Publication Date
- Dec 01, 2022
- DOI: 10.3138/jvme-2021-0123
- PMID: 34807806
Feedback has been shown to be one of the most powerful and effective influences on student achievement; however, the optimal method for providing feedback to trainees during veterinary skills training has yet to be determined. A prospective mixed-methods study was undertaken to evaluate student perceptions and performance outcomes with self-assessment using video- or instructor-delivered feedback during skills training using a model. Forty participants naïve to intravenous (IV) catheter placement were randomly assigned either to self-assessment using video or to instructor-directed feedback. A questionnaire probing participants' perceptions of their knowledge level and confidence in their skills was completed before and after the training, and an interview was done at study completion. Final skill performance was recorded using video capture to permit blind evaluations using a standard assessment tool. A quantitative evaluation of the performance and questionnaire scores, as well as a qualitative assessment of the interviews, was performed. Questionnaire scores were significantly higher in the post-study questionnaire for 12 of the 14 questions in both groups. Students assigned to the instructor-directed group had significantly higher scores than students in the self-directed group on the skill performance (p < .05). Self-reported confidence in knowledge and skill related to the IV catheterization technique improved with both self-directed feedback using video and instructor-directed feedback. Skill performance, however, was superior following instructor-directed feedback. Participants expressed positive experiences associated with use of the models for skills training, the value of the learning materials including the video, and guidance during learning.