Thirty-seven dogs with moderately differentiated, cutaneous mast cell tumors had incomplete surgical excisions as determined by histopathology, but no gross evidence of tumor. All dogs were irradiated to a total dose of between 46.2 and 48.0 Gy using either an orthovoltage source (n = 20) or a linear accelerator (megavoltage) (n = 17). Radiation was delivered to an area bordered by margins of 3 cm or greater around the surgical scar. The mast cell tumors had not recurred in 97% of dogs by one year after radiation therapy and had not recurred in 93% of dogs by three years after radiation. Both orthovoltage and megavoltage radiation provide excellent local control of moderately differentiated mast cell tumors in dogs.