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Radiocarbon-calibrated multiple amino acid geochronology of Holocene molluscs from Bramble and Rib Reefs (Great Barrier Reef, Australia)

Authors
  • Kosnik, M A
  • Kaufman, D S
  • Hua, Q
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2013
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.quageo.2012.04.024
OAI: oai:apo-prod.ansto.gov.au:10238/5726
Source
ANSTO Publications Online
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Calibrated amino acid racemisation methods allow paleobiologists to quantify the age distributions of fossil assemblages. Focussing on 110 Scissulina dispar and 110 Liloa sp. specimens collected from Bramble and Rib Reefs (central Great Barrier Reef, Australia), we create calibration curves for seven amino acids for each taxon. Using these curves we calculate seven quasi-independent age estimates for each specimen. We evaluate each calibration curve for consistency and use the weighted mean and uncertainty of the quasi-independent ages as the specimen age for geochronological analyses. We extend the "Y" criterion for screening specimens and describing the precision of an AAR dataset from two amino acids to any number of amino acids. Using weighted mean ages and Y < 0.2 we demonstrate that the top 1.4 m of Bramble and Rib Reefs preserve remarkably well-mixed shell assemblages spanning from living to similar to 3400 years old with median ages of 373 and 326 years old, respectively. © 2013, Elsevier Ltd.

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