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Radio Morphing: towards a fast computation of the radio signal from air showers

  • Zilles, Anne
  • Martineau-Huynh, Olivier
  • Kotera, Kumiko
  • Tueros, Matias
  • de Vries, Krijn
  • Carvalho, Washington
  • Niess, Valentin
  • Renault-Tinacci, Nicolas
  • Decoene, Valentin
Publication Date
Jul 26, 2019
Submission Date
Nov 05, 2018
DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2019.06.001
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Over the last years, radio detection has matured to become a competitive method for the detection of air showers. Arrays of thousands of antennas are now envisioned for the detection of cosmic rays of ultra high energy or neutrinos of astrophysical origin. The data exploitation of such detectors requires to run massive air-shower simulations to evaluate the radio signal at each antenna position. In order to reduce the associated computational cost, we have developed a semi-analytical method for the computation of the emitted radio signal called Radio Morphing. The method consists in computing the radio signal of any air-shower at any location from the simulation of one single reference shower at given positions by i) a scaling of the electric-field amplitude of this reference shower, ii) an isometry on the simulated positions and iii) an interpolation of the radio pulse at the desired position. This technique enables one to compute electric field time traces with characteristics very similar to those obtained with standard computation methods, but with computation times reduced by several orders of magnitude. In this paper, we present this novel tool, explain its methodology, and discuss its limitations. Furthermore, we validate the method on a typical event set for the future GRAND experiment showing that the calculated peak amplitudes are consistent with the results from ZHAireS simulations with a mean offset of +8.5% and a standard deviation of 27.2% in this specific case. This overestimation of the signal strength by Radio Morphing arises mainly from the choice of the underlying reference shower.

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