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RAC/ROP GTPases and auxin signaling.

Authors
  • Wu, Hen-ming
  • Hazak, Ora
  • Cheung, Alice Y
  • Yalovsky, Shaul
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Plant Cell
Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologists
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2011
Volume
23
Issue
4
Pages
1208–1218
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.111.083907
PMID: 21478442
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Auxin functions as a key morphogen in regulating plant growth and development. Studies on auxin-regulated gene expression and on the mechanism of polar auxin transport and its asymmetric distribution within tissues have provided the basis for realizing the molecular mechanisms underlying auxin function. In eukaryotes, members of the Ras and Rho subfamilies of the Ras superfamily of small GTPases function as molecular switches in many signaling cascades that regulate growth and development. Plants do not have Ras proteins, but they contain Rho-like small G proteins called RACs or ROPs that, like fungal and metazoan Rhos, are regulators of cell polarity and may also undertake some Ras functions. Here, we discuss the advances made over the last decade that implicate RAC/ROPs as mediators for auxin-regulated gene expression, rapid cell surface-located auxin signaling, and directional auxin transport. We also describe experimental data indicating that auxin-RAC/ROP crosstalk may form regulatory feedback loops and theoretical modeling that attempts to connect local auxin gradients with RAC/ROP regulation of cell polarity. We hope that by discussing these experimental and modeling studies, this perspective will stimulate efforts to further refine our understanding of auxin signaling via the RAC/ROP molecular switch.

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