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Rabies pre-exposure vaccination of children with purified chick embryo cell vaccine (PCECV).

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
2164-554X
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Volume
9
Issue
7
Pages
1454–1459
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4161/hv.24502
PMID: 23571224
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Human rabies, mainly transmitted by dog bites, remains a major public health problem in developing countries. In Asian countries, such as India or the Philippines, where large free-ranging dog populations exist, the human death toll stays high. Children under the age of 15 y are at particular risk, representing up to half of the dog bite victims. While pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is commonly used in travelers from developed countries visiting areas of high endemicity, rabies vaccination is rarely used in highly endemic countries in contrast to post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Purified Chick Embryo Cell Vaccine (PCECV, Rabipur®/RabAvert®, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics) is approved for pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis, either by the intramuscular route, or--where registered--by the intradermal route of administration. In more than 25 y of use, PCECV has been widely used for PrEP in children. This review summarizes the pediatric pre-exposure clinical trials using PCECV. In total, PCECV has been administered to more than 1,200 children in clinical trials, from toddlers to those in elementary school, using intramuscular and intradermal schedules, demonstrating safety and immunogenicity. PrEP as part of routine pediatric vaccination programs may have a major role to play in human rabies prevention. Extensive clinical experience with PCECV supports intramuscular and intradermal PrEP in children as one pillar of human rabies prevention in developing countries.

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