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Queuing Transitions in the Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process

  • Ha, Meesoon
  • Timonen, Jussi
  • Nijs, Marcel den
Published Article
Publication Date
Nov 26, 2003
Submission Date
Jul 16, 2003
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.68.056122
arXiv ID: cond-mat/0307403
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Stochastic driven flow along a channel can be modeled by the asymmetric simple exclusion process. We confirm numerically the presence of a dynamic queuing phase transition at a nonzero obstruction strength, and establish its scaling properties. Below the transition, the traffic jam is macroscopic in the sense that the length of the queue scales linearly with system size. Above the transition, only a power-law shaped queue remains. Its density profile scales as $\delta \rho\sim x^{-\nu}$ with $\nu={1/3}$, and $x$ is the distance from the obstacle. We construct a heuristic argument, indicating that the exponent $\nu={1/3}$ is universal and independent of the dynamic exponent of the underlying dynamic process. Fast bonds create only power-law shaped depletion queues, and with an exponent that could be equal to $\nu={2/3}$, but the numerical results yield consistently somewhat smaller values $\nu\simeq 0.63(3)$. The implications of these results to faceting of growing interfaces and localization of directed polymers in random media, both in the presence of a columnar defect are pointed out as well.

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