Turbulence is characterized by a large number of degrees of freedom, distributed over several length scales, that result in a disordered state of a fluid. The field of quantum turbulence deals with the manifestation of turbulence in quantum fluids, such as liquid helium and ultracold gases. We review, from both experimental and theoretical points of view, advances in quantum turbulence focusing on atomic Bose–Einstein condensates. We also explore the similarities and differences between quantum and classical turbulence. Last, we present challenges and possible directions for the field. We summarize questions that are being asked in recent works, which need to be answered in order to understand fundamental properties of quantum turbulence, and we provide some possible ways of investigating them.