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Quantum Thermodynamics of Non-Ideal Gases

Authors
  • Coutant, Antonin
  • Rajeev, S. G.
Type
Preprint
Publication Date
Jul 29, 2008
Submission Date
Jul 29, 2008
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

We show that when the thermal wavelength is comparable to the spatial size of a system, thermodynamic observables like Pressure and Volume have quantum fluctuations that cannot be ignored. They are now represented by operators; conventional (classical) thermodynamics is no longer applicable. We continue the work in earlier papers where quantization rules for thermodynamics were developed by analogy with optics and mechanics, by working out explicitly the quantum theory of van der Waals gases. We find a wave equation satisfied by the thermodynamic wave function as well as solutions ({\em coherent states}) that are centered at the classical equations of state. The probability of departure from the classical theory is dependent on a parameter $\sigma$ which is a property of the gas molecule.

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