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Quantum control operations with fuzzy evolution trajectories based on polyharmonic magnetic fields

Authors
  • Fuentes, Jesús1
  • 1 Universidad de Guanajuato, Loma del Bosque 103, León, Guanajuato, 37150, Mexico , León (Mexico)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientific Reports
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Dec 17, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-79309-8
Source
Springer Nature
License
Green

Abstract

We explore a class of quantum control operations based on a wide family of harmonic magnetic fields that vary softly in time. Depending on the magnetic field amplitudes taking part, these control operations can produce either squeezing or loop (orbit) effects, and even parametric resonances, on the canonical variables. For these purposes we focus our attention on the evolution of observables whose dynamical picture is ascribed to a quadratic Hamiltonian that depends explicitly on time. In the first part of this work we survey such operations in terms of biharmonic magnetic fields. The dynamical analysis is simplified using a stability diagram in the amplitude space, where the points of each region will characterise a specific control operation. We discuss how the evolution loop effects are formed by fuzzy (non-commutative) trajectories that can be closed or open, in the latter case, even hiding some features that can be used to manipulate the operational time. In the second part, we generalise the case of biharmonic fields and translate the discussion to the case of polyharmonic fields. Using elementary properties of the Toeplitz matrices, we can derive exact solutions of the problem in a symmetric evolution interval, leading to the temporal profile of those magnetic fields suitable to achieve specific control operations. Some of the resulting fuzzy orbits can be destroyed by the influence of external forces, while others simply remain stable.

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