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Quantitative analysis of ZO-1 colocalization with Cx43 gap junction plaques in cultures of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada
Publication Date
Volume
11
Issue
3
Pages
244–248
Identifiers
PMID: 16060977
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The gap junction (GJ) is an aggregate of intercellular channels that facilitates cytoplasmic interchange of ions, second messengers, and other molecules of less than 1000 Da between cells. In excitable organs such as heart and brain, GJs configure extended intercellular pathways for stable and long-term propagation of action potential. In a previous study in adult rat heart, we have shown that the Drosophila disks-large related protein ZO-1 shows low to moderate colocalization at myocyte borders with the GJ protein Cx43. In the present study, we detail a protocol for characterizing the pattern and level of colocalization of ZO-1 with Cx43 in cultures of neonatal myocytes at the level of individual GJ plaques. The data indicate that ZO-1 shows on average a partial 26.6% overlap (SD = 11.3%) with Cx43 GJ plaques. There is a strong positive correlation between GJ plaque size and area of ZO-1 colocalization, indicating that the level of associated ZO-1 scales with the area of the GJ plaque. Qualitatively, the most prominent colocalization occurs at the plaque perimeter. These studies may provide insight into the presently unknown biological function of ZO-1 interaction with Cx43.

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