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Quantitative analysis of APP axonal transport in neurons: role of JIP1 in enhanced APP anterograde transport.

Authors
  • Chiba, Kyoko
  • Araseki, Masahiko
  • Nozawa, Keisuke
  • Furukori, Keiko
  • Araki, Yoichi
  • Matsushima, Takahide
  • Nakaya, Tadashi
  • Hata, Saori
  • Saito, Yuhki
  • Uchida, Seiichi
  • Okada, Yasushi
  • Nairn, Angus C
  • Davis, Roger J
  • Yamamoto, Tohru
  • Kinjo, Masataka
  • Taru, Hidenori
  • Suzuki, Toshiharu
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular Biology of the Cell
Publisher
American Society for Cell Biology
Publication Date
Nov 05, 2014
Volume
25
Issue
22
Pages
3569–3580
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E14-06-1111
PMID: 25165140
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Alzheimer's β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) associates with kinesin-1 via JNK-interacting protein 1 (JIP1); however, the role of JIP1 in APP transport by kinesin-1 in neurons remains unclear. We performed a quantitative analysis to understand the role of JIP1 in APP axonal transport. In JIP1-deficient neurons, we find that both the fast velocity (∼2.7 μm/s) and high frequency (66%) of anterograde transport of APP cargo are impaired to a reduced velocity (∼1.83 μm/s) and a lower frequency (45%). We identified two novel elements linked to JIP1 function, located in the central region of JIP1b, that interact with the coiled-coil domain of kinesin light chain 1 (KLC1), in addition to the conventional interaction of the JIP1b 11-amino acid C-terminal (C11) region with the tetratricopeptide repeat of KLC1. High frequency of APP anterograde transport is dependent on one of the novel elements in JIP1b. Fast velocity of APP cargo transport requires the C11 domain, which is regulated by the second novel region of JIP1b. Furthermore, efficient APP axonal transport is not influenced by phosphorylation of APP at Thr-668, a site known to be phosphorylated by JNK. Our quantitative analysis indicates that enhanced fast-velocity and efficient high-frequency APP anterograde transport observed in neurons are mediated by novel roles of JIP1b.

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