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Quantitation of morphine and codeine in human urine using high-filed asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) with mass spectrometric detection.

Authors
  • McCooeye, M A
  • Ells, B
  • Barnett, D A
  • Purves, R W
  • Guevremont, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of analytical toxicology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2001
Volume
25
Issue
2
Pages
81–87
Identifiers
PMID: 11300511
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Morphine and codeine have been identified and measured in a human urine matrix using high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) in a tandem combination with electrospray ionization (ESI) and mass spectrometric (MS) detection. The addition of helium to the nitrogen carrier gas resulted in a substantial improvement in the sensitivity of the ESI-FAIMS-MS instrument for the determination of morphine and codeine. Limits of detection in human urine were 60 ng/mL for morphine and 20 ng/mL for codeine with no clean-up, derivatization, or chromatographic separation of the sample prior to analysis.

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