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Quantifying errors in GNSS antenna calibrations

Authors
  • Bergstrand, Sten1
  • Jarlemark, Per1
  • Herbertsson, Magnus1
  • 1 RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, 501 15, Sweden , Borås (Sweden)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Geodesy
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Oct 12, 2020
Volume
94
Issue
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00190-020-01433-0
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

We evaluated the performance of GNSS absolute antenna calibrations and its impact on accurate positioning with a new assessment method that combines inter-antenna differentials and laser tracker measurements. We thus separated the calibration method contributions from those attainable by various geometric constraints and produced corrections for the calibrations. We investigated antennas calibrated by two IGS-approved institutions and in the worst case found the calibration’s contribution to the vertical component being in excess of 1 cm on the ionosphere-free frequency combination L3. In relation to nearby objects, we gauge the 1σ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$1\sigma $$\end{document} accuracies of our method to determine the antenna phase centers within ±0.38\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\pm \,0.38$$\end{document} mm on L1 and within ±0.62\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\pm \,0.62$$\end{document} mm on L3, the latter applicable to global frame determinations where atmospheric influence cannot be neglected. In addition to antenna calibration corrections, the results can be used with an equivalent tracker combination to determine the phase centers of as-installed individual receiver antennas at system critical sites to the same level without compromising the permanent installations.

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