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Quality of Life of Patients with Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome and X-Linked Thrombocytopenia: a Study of the Primary Immune Deficiency Consortium (PIDTC), Immune Deficiency Foundation, and the Wiskott-Aldrich Foundation.

Authors
  • Shah, Ami J
  • Sokolic, Robert
  • Logan, Brent
  • Yin, Ziyan
  • Iyengar, Sumathi
  • Scalchunes, Chris
  • Mangurian, Christina
  • Albert, Michael
  • Cowan, Morton J
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Source
eScholarship - University of California
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

BACKGROUND:We undertook a study to determine the impact of Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) and their therapies upon the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients and their families. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We undertook a survey of patients and their families, who self-identified as having either WAS or XLT. We assessed the PedsQL™ 4.0, the parent proxy form, and the family impact module. These results were compared with normative data from previously published reports. RESULTS:Sixty-eight patients (29 patients completed both the PedsQL™ 4.0 and the parent proxy form; 21 completed only the PedsQL™ 4.0; and 18 completed only the parent proxy form) were included. In contrast to patient-reported outcomes, parents of patients who had a bone marrow transplant (BMT) reported that their children had better QOL scores compared with those who did not (82.6 vs. 73.3, p = 0.023). The QOL of patients vs. previously published normative data showed decreases in patient scores for psychosocial health (72.62 vs. 86.58, p = < 0.001), emotional functioning (69.91 vs. 82.64, p = < 0.001), social functioning (77.55 vs. 91.56, p = < 0.001), and school functioning (70.46 vs. 85.67, p = < 0.001). The family impact study revealed deficits in emotional, social, and cognitive functioning, communication, and worry. CONCLUSION:These results show that patients with WAS/XLT are significantly impacted with respect to QOL. BMT offered a better QOL for patients according to parents, but not as reported by the patients. Future studies should incorporate QOL to provide more data and a better understanding of outcomes for long-term survivors and decision-making regarding BMT.

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