The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life in pts with DDD pacemakers. The study group consisted of 343 pts (181 F, 162 M), mean age 66.7 +/- 2.5 y (19-92) in whom DDD pacemakers were implanted in the years 1992-1998 due to sick sinus syndrome (213 pts) or AV block (130 pts). Follow-up period was 111-2574 days, mean 924.58 +/- 550 days. The QOL assessment was based on the questionnaire prepared at our Center. The questionnaires were mailed to the pts. The significant improvement in overall well-being (p < 0.001), physical capacity (p < 0.005) and concentration (p < 0.025) was found as compared to the time before implantation. The incidence of syncopy decreased after implantation (p < 0.001). The pts complained of: limitation of arm moving (50.1%), anxiety for disturbances of PM function (41.4%), resignation from job (17.2%), restriction of sport activity (15.7%), necessity for follow-up visits (15.7%) and limitation of sex activity (10.2%). There were not significant differences in QOL between pts paced due to SSS or AV block. We found significant improvement in QOL after implantation of DDD pacemakers. The questionnaire-based assessment of QOL may be useful in management of DDD-paced pts.