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Quality of life in elderly patients with essential thrombocythaemia. An Italian multicentre study.

Authors
  • Oliva, Esther Natalie
  • Piccin, Andrea
  • Mazzucconi, Maria Gabriella
  • Morra, Enrica
  • Recine, Umberto
  • Pogliani, Enrico Maria
  • Pane, Fabrizio
  • Gobbi, Marco
  • Gugliotta, Luigi
  • Krampera, Mauro
  • Cascavilla, Nicola
  • Cacciola, Rossella
  • Cacciola, Emma
  • Fioritoni, Giuseppe
  • Fanin, Renato
  • Liberati, Anna Marina
  • Angelucci, Emanuele
  • Tura, Sante
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of Hematology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2012
Volume
91
Issue
4
Pages
527–532
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00277-011-1341-x
PMID: 21964878
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by elevated platelet counts and increased incidence of thrombosis and haemorrhage. Median age at diagnosis is 65-70 years. Life expectancy is similar to that of the healthy population. Symptoms and complications may affect quality of life (QoL); in particular, in elderly patients ET may represent an additional burden. We performed a survey in 494 elderly ET patients to evaluate patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Comorbidities were present in 305 (62%) patients. Factorial analysis based on survey items representing psychological aspects of daily life identified an "attitude domain" with four clusters of patients: (A) very pessimistic (n = 99), (B) pessimistic (n = 101), (C) optimistic (n = 90), and (D) very optimistic (n = 107). Patients in cluster A had more comorbidities (p = 0.003) while patients in cluster D required fewer medical visits and were less disturbed by medications (p < 0.0001). Independent factors predicting Short-Form Health Survey, version 2 physical QoL were grade of optimism (p < 0.0001), gender (p = 0.007), and Charlson comorbidity index (p < 0.0001)). Grade of optimism and disturbances related to medication predicted mental QOL (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, physicians should take into consideration PROs, as "attitude" is associated with physical and mental QoL. Treatment should be tailored to patients' needs according to comorbidities, lifestyle, and psychological conditions.

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