Quality Assurance Strategies in Psychiatry and Medicine in general have developed rapidly and have been applied widely in the last few years, particularly in the United States. This paper reviews some of those developments both from a methodological and a socio-political point of view. The relevance to the Canadian scene is evaluated, and it is concluded that, although quality assurance is now accepted as an obligation of the health profession, some of the strategies being widely applied in the United States are of questionable value in themselves, and some, particularly cost control techniques, would seem to be irrelevant to the Canadian health field which already has a variety of checks and balances in its universal health insurance system. Though cost control and quality control logically overlap, at times they are allowed to merge and cause conceptual confusion. Finally, as systems are developed in Canada, it is suggested that a means of self-assessment be built in so that the validity and reliability are not in doubt.