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Qualitative descriptions of patient perceptions about fall risks, prevention strategies and self-identity: Analysis of fall prevention Motivational Interviewing conversations.

Authors
  • Kiyoshi-Teo, Hiroko1
  • Northrup-Snyder, Kathlynn1
  • Robert Davis, Mary1
  • Garcia, Ellen1
  • Leatherwood, Amy1
  • Seiko Izumi, Shigeko1
  • 1 School of Nursing, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Aug 18, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/jocn.15465
PMID: 32810908
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Older adults are often reluctant to engage in fall prevention activities. To understand how older adults respond to fall prevention and identify attributes that affect their responses to fall prevention. Qualitative content analysis of Fall Prevention Motivational Interviewing conversations that were conducted as an intervention for a fall prevention study in the USA. We report the methods, results and discussions using the COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research checklist. Conversations from 30 participants were analysed. Participants showed various responses to fall prevention from acceptance and engagement to ambivalence to denial or giving up. Three attributes affecting how they responded to fall prevention were as follows: (a) their perception of fall risks, (b) their perception about fall prevention strategies and (c) self-identity. If participants perceived that their fall risks were temporary or modifiable, they were more likely to engage in fall prevention. If participants perceived that their fall risks were permanent or unmodifiable, they seemed to have difficulty accepting fall risks or gave up engaging in fall prevention strategies. Participants were more willing to adopt fall prevention strategies that involved minor adjustments but expressed more resistance to adopting strategies that required major adjustments. Further, their response to accepting or not accepting fall prevention was influenced by their perception of whether the fall risks and fall prevention strategies aligned with their self-identity. Findings underscore the importance of understanding older adults' self-identify and perceptions about fall prevention. Exploring older adults' self-identity and perceptions about fall prevention can be useful to support their engagement in fall prevention. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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