Affordable Access

The Q-tip test: standardization of the technique and its interpretation in women with urinary incontinence.

Authors
  • Karram, M M
  • Bhatia, N N
Type
Published Article
Journal
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1988
Volume
71
Issue
6 Pt 1
Pages
807–811
Identifiers
PMID: 3368164
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Q-tip tests were carried out on 63 women to determine optimal placement and the effects of bladder fullness and significant anterior vaginal wall relaxation. Significantly higher maximum straining angles were observed when the tip of the Q-tip was placed at the urethrovesical junction or the proximal urethra, compared with placement in the bladder (P less than .05), midurethra (P less than .01), or distal urethra (P less than .01). Bladder fullness did not alter the results significantly. There were no significant differences in resting or maximum straining angles when patients with significant anterior vaginal wall relaxation and genuine stress incontinence were compared with continent women who had significant anterior vaginal wall relaxation. However, in the absence of significant anterior vaginal wall relaxation, women with genuine stress incontinence had significantly higher maximum straining angles than those with bladder instability (P less than .05) or control subjects (P less than .05). The Q-tip test, if performed correctly, is an easy, inexpensive, and reliable method of quantifying mobility of the bladder neck and proximal urethra in continent or incontinent women with or without pelvic relaxation.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times